Edson Arantes do Nascimento ( Pele)

Edson Arantes do Nascimento ( Pele)

|Brazilian
date of birth : 23/10/1940 | date of death :
Born on October 23, 1940, Três Corações, Brazil, Soccer Player, His playing style was marked by superb ball control and great tactical ability.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on October 23, 1940 in TrêsCorações, Brazil.

Father's name: Joao Ramos do Nascimento
Mother's name:Celeste Arantes
Brother: -
Sister: Maria LúciaNascimento
Spouse: Rosemeri dos Reis Cholby ,AssiraLemos
Children: Kelly Cristina, Edson, Jennifer, Sandra Regina Arantes do Nascimento, Celeste, Joshua.

Reputation, fame, nickname:

Pelé

Personal Information:

Sexual orientation: Straight
Race or Ethnicity: Black
Religion: Roman Catholic
Height: 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Playing position: Forward, Attacking midfielder

Life events:

Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on October 23, 1940 in TrêsCorações, Brazil, the first child of João Ramos and Dona Celeste. Named after Thomas Edison and nicknamed "Dico," Pelé moved with his family to the city of Bauru as a young boy. João Ramos, better known as "Dondinho," struggled to earn a living as a soccer player, and Pelé grew up in poverty. Still, he developed a rudimentary talent for soccer by kicking a rolled-up sock stuffed with rags around the streets of Bauru. The origin of the "Pelé" nickname is unclear, though he recalled despising it when his friends first referred to him that way.As an adolescent, Pelé joined a youth squad coached by Waldemar de Brito, a former member of the Brazilian national soccer team. De Brito eventually convinced Pelé's family to let the budding phenom leave home and try out for the Santos professional soccer club when he was 15.Pelé signed with Santos and immediately started practicing with the team's regulars. He scored the first professional goal of his career before he turned 16, led the league in goals in his first full season and was recruited to play for the Brazilian national team.The world was officially introduced to Pelé in the 1958 World Cup in Sweden. Displaying remarkable speed, athleticism and field vision, the 17-year-old erupted to score three goals in a 5-2 semifinal win over France, then netted two more in the finals, a 5-2 win over the host country.The young superstar received hefty offers to play for European clubs, and Brazilian President Jânio Quadros eventually had Pelé declared a national treasure, making it legally difficult for him to play in another country. Regardless, Santos club ownership ensured its star attraction was well paid by scheduling lucrative exhibition matches with teams around the world.Pelé aggravated a groin injury two games into the 1962 World Cup in Chile, sitting out the final rounds while Brazil went on to claim its second straight title. Four years later, in England, a series of brutal attacks by opposing defenders again forced him to the sidelines with leg injuries, and Brazil was bounced from the World Cup after one round.Despite the disappointment on the world stage, the legend of Pelé continued to grow. In the late 1960s, the two factions in the Nigerian Civil War reportedly agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play in an exhibition game in Lagos.The 1970 World Cup in Mexico marked a triumphant return to glory for Pelé and Brazil. Headlining a formidable squad, Pelé scored four goals in the tournament, including one in the final to give Brazil a 4-1 victory over Italy.Pelé announced his retirement from soccer in 1974, but he was lured back to the field the following year to play for the New York Cosmos in the North American Soccer League,and temporarily helped make the NASL a big attraction. He played his final game in an exhibition between New York and Santos in October 1977, competing for both sides, and retired with a total of 1,281 goals in 1,363 games.In 1978, Pelé was awarded the International Peace Award for his work with UNICEF. He has also served as Brazil's Extraordinary Minister for Sport and a United Nations ambassador for ecology and the environment.Pelé was named FIFA's "Co-Player of the Century" in 1999, along with Argentine Diego Maradona. Too many, his accomplishments on the soccer field will never be equaled and virtually all great athletes in the sport are measured against the Brazilian who once made the world stop to watch his transcendent play.

Occupation and Career:

Pele was a soccer Player. Pelé began playing at the age of 5 and joined the Santos team at 16. Playing inside left forward, he led his team to numerous championships and the Brazilian national team to world championships in 1958, 1962, and 1970. He held every scoring record in Brazil, and in international matches he scored an average of one goal per game. His playing style was marked by superb ball control and great tactical ability. In 1971 he retired from the Brazilian national team but continued to play with Santos. He retired (1974) from the Santos team and played in the United States with the New York Cosmos (1975-77). He scored 1,281 goals during his career. Pelé became Brazil's minister of sports in 1995, serving until 1998.

Awards /Honors:

Country

  • Roca Cup: 1957, 1963
  • FIFA World Cup:
    • Winner: 1958
    • Winner: 1962
    • Winner: 1970
  • Copa América:
    • Runner-up: 1959
  • Cruz Cup: 1958, 1962, 1968
  • Bernardo O'Higgins Cup: 1959
  • Atlantic Cup: 1960
  • Oswaldo Cruz Cup: 1958, 1962, 1968

Club

  • Copa Libertadores (2): 1962, 1963
  • Intercontinental Supercup (1): 1968
  • Supercopa de CampeonesIntercontinentales (1): 1968
  • Intercontinental Cup (2): 1962, 1963
  • CampeonatoBrasileiroSérie A (6): 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1968
  • Torneio Rio-São Paulo (4): 1959, 1963, 1964, 1966
  • CampeonatoPaulista (10): 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973

New York Cosmos

  • North American Soccer League, Soccer Bowl (1): 1977
  • North American Soccer League, Atlantic Conference Championship (1): 1977 In total Pelé has 40 official titles.

Individual

  • Santos 
    • Intercontinental Cup: All-Time Leading Scorer 
    • Copa Libertadores Top Scorer (1): 1965.
    • CampeonatoBrasileiroSérie A Top Scorer (3): 1961, 1963, 1964. 
    • CampeonatoPaulista Top Scorer (11): 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1973. 
    • Torneio Rio-São Paulo Top Scorer (1): 1963.
  • Brazil 
    • Copa América Top Scorer (1): 1959. 
    • Brazil National Team All-Time Leading Scorer, 95 goals
  • FIFA World Cup (Best Young Player): 
    • Winner (1): 1958
  • FIFA World Cup (Silver Boot): 1958
  • FIFA World Cup Silver Ball: 1958
  • FIFA World Cup Golden Ball (Best Player): 
    • Winner (1): 1970
  • Copa America Best Player: 1959
  • International Federation of Football History and Statistics(IFFHS): World´s most successful Top Division Goal Scorer: 541 goals
  • All time Top Scorer in one calendar year: 127 goals(1959)
  • Most goals in domestic Championships: 650 goals
  • World record number of hat tricks: 92
  • BBC Sports Personality of the Year Overseas Personality: 
    • Winner (1): 1970
  • BBC Sports Personality of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award: 
    • Winner (1): 2005
  • Greatest football player to have ever played the game, by Golden Foot: 2012
  • Athlete of the Century, by Reuters News Agency: 1999
  • Athlete of the Century, elected by International Olympic Committee: 1999
  • Athlete of the Century, elected by world wide journalists, poll by French daily L'Equipe: 1981
  • South American Footballer of the Year: 1973
  • Inducted into the American National Soccer Hall of Fame in 1993.
  • Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire: 1997
  • In 1989 DPR Korea issued a postage stamp depicting Pelé.
  • UNICEF Football Player of the Century: 1999
  • TIME One of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th century: 1999
  • FIFA Player of the Century : 2000
  • Football Player of the Century, elected by France Football's Ballon d'Or Winners : 1999
  • Football Player of the Century, by IFFHS International Federation of Football History and Statistics: 1999
  • South America Football Player of the Century, by IFFHS International Federation of Football History and Statistics: 1999
  • Laureus World Sports Awards Lifetime Achievement Award from South African President Nelson Mandela: 2000
  • FIFA World Cup All-Time Team: 1994
  • World Team of the 20th Century: 1998
  • FIFA World Cup Dream Team: 2002
  • World Soccer Greatest XI of all time: 2013

Works:

Filmography

Escape to Victory
OsTrapalhões e o Rei do Futebo
Hot Shot

Books:

Learning Soccer WithPel-E
Minha Vida EmImagens (EmPortugues do Brasil)
Pele

Quotes and Memoirs:

  • Everything is practice.
  • A penalty is a cowardly way to score.
  • Enthusiasm is everything. It must be taut and vibrating like a guitar string.
  • I’ve come to accept that the life of a frontrunner is a hard one, that he will suffer more injuries than most men and that many of these injuries will not be accidental.

References:
http://www.answers.com/topic/pel
http://www.biography.com/people/pel%C3%A9-39221?page=1
http://www.nndb.com/people/236/000024164/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pel%C3%A9
http://www.idlehearts.com/quote-author/edson-arantes-do-nascimento/