Michael Joseph Jackson

Michael Joseph Jackson

|American
date of birth : 29/08/1958 | date of death : 25/06/2009
Born on August 29, 1958, USA, American superstar, King of Pop, Musician,His contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with a much-publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

Jackson was born on August 29, 1958, in Gary, Indiana, USA.

Father's name: Joe Jackson
Mother's name: Katherine Jackson
Brother: Jackie Jackson, Tito Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Randy Jackson
Sister: Rebbie Jackson, La Toya Jackson, Janet Jackson
Spouse: Debbie Rowe (14 November 1996 - 8 October 1999) (divorced), Lisa Marie Presley (26 May 1994 - 18 January 1996) (divorced)
Children: Prince Michael Jackson II, Michael Joseph Jackson, Jr., Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson

Reputation, fame, nickname:

The Gloved One, Wacko Jacko, Jacko, King Of Pop, MJ, Smelly, Applehead, Mike

Personal Information:

Height: 5' 11" (1.80 m)

Life events:

Michael Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana, on August 29, 1958, to an African-American working-class family, and entertained audiences nearly his entire life. His father, Joe Jackson, had been a guitarist but was forced to give up his musical ambitions following his marriage to Katherine (Scruse). Together they prodded their growing family's musical interests at home. By the early 1960s, the older boys Jackie, Tito and Jermaine had begun performing around the city; by 1964, Michael and Marlon had joined in. A musical prodigy, Michael's singing and dancing talents were amazingly mature, and he soon became the dominant voice and focus of The Jackson 5. An opening act for such soul groups as the O-Jays and James Brown, it was Gladys Knight (not Diana Ross) who officially brought the group to Berry Gordy's attention, and by 1969, the boys were producing back-to-back chart-busting hits as Motown artists ("I Want You Back," "ABC," "Never Can Say Goodbye," "Got to Be There," etc.). As a product of the 1970s, the boys emerged as one of the most accomplished black pop/soul vocal groups in music history, successfully evolving from a group like The Temptations to a disco phenomenon. Solo success for Michael was inevitable, and by the 1980s, he had become infinitely more popular than his brotherly group. Record sales consistently orbited, culminating in the biggest-selling album of all time, "Thriller" in 1982. A TV natural, he ventured rather uneasily into films, such as playing the Scarecrow in The Wiz (1978), but had much better luck with elaborate music videos. . In 1984 Michael won a record breaking 8 Grammy awards in one night. The awards were for his work on the 'Thriller' album and his work on the narrative for the 'ET Storybook'.In the 1990s, the downside as a 1980s pop phenomenon began to rear itself. Michael grew terribly child-like and introverted by his peerless celebrity. A rather timorous, androgynous figure to begin with, his physical appearance began to change drastically, and his behavior grew alarmingly bizarre, making him a consistent target for scandal-making, despite his numerous charitable acts. Two brief marriages -- one to Elvis Presley's daughter Lisa Marie Presley -- were forged and two children produced by his second wife during that time, but the purposes behind them appeared image-oriented. Despite it all, Michael Jackson's passion and artistry as a singer, dancer, writer and businessman are unparalleled, and it is these prodigious talents that will ultimately prevail over the extremely negative aspects of his seriously troubled adult life. For it all to end on June 25, 2009, with his sudden death at age 50 of a drug-induced cardiac arrest, just as he was coming out of a four-year reclusive period and rehearsing for a sold-out London concert "comeback" in July, seems uncommonly cruel and tragic. Millions upon millions of dedicated fans will remember where they were "the day Michael died".

Personal Life

In May of 1994, Jackson stunned the world when he married Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of the late rock legend Elvis Presley, at a private ceremony in the Dominican Republic. Many critics of Jackson speculated that the marriage was an attempt to improve his public image. In August of 1996, Jackson and Presley divorced. Many of Jackson's fans were shocked when he announced, in November of 1996, that he was to be a father. The child's mother was Debbie Rowe, a long-time friend of Jackson. They married later that month in Sydney, Australia. On February 13, 1997, their son, Prince Michael Jackson, Jr., was born at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Education:

High School: Montclair Preparatory School, Van Nuys, CA (two months, GED)

Occupation and Career:

Michael Joseph Jackson was a musician, singer-songwriter, arranger, dancer, artist, choreographer, music producer, actor and businessman.

His beginning

Michael began his musical career at the age of 5 as the lead singer of the Jackson 5 who formed in 1964. In these early years the Jackson 5, Jackie, Jermaine, Tito, Marlon and lead singer Michael played local clubs and bars in Gary Indiana and moving further afield as there talents grew and they could compete in bigger competitions. From these early days Michael would be at the same clubs as big talented stars of there days, such as Jackie Wilson and would be learning from them even back then. In 1968 the Bobby Taylor and The Vancouvers discovered the Jackson five and from there they got an audition for Berry Gordy of Motown Records. The Jackson 5 signed for Motown and moved to California. Their first 4 singles, "I Want You Back", "ABC", "The Love You Save", and "I'll Be There" all made US No1 hits. The Jackson 5 recorded 14 albums and Michael recorded 4 solo albums with Motown. The Jackson 5 stayed with Motown until 1976, wanting more artistic freedom they felt they had to move on and signed up with Epic.

Jackson 6

The group name Jackson 5 had to be changed as it was owned by Motown, so they reverted to The Jacksons as they had be known in the early days. Brother Jermaine married Berry Gordy's daughter and stayed with Motown. Youngest brother Randy joined in his place. The Jacksons had a number of hit records and in total made 6 albums between the years of 1976 and 1984.

"Off The Wall" and“Thriller”

In 1977 Michael made his first film debut when he starred in the musical 'The Wiz' playing Scarecrow with Diana Ross in the lead role of Dorothy. It was at this time Michael met Quincy Jones who was doing the score for the film. Michael teamed up with Quincey Jones as his producer for his first solo album with Epic Records. The album titled "Off The Wall" was a big success around the world and the first ever album to release a record breaking 4 No1 singles in the US. In 1982 Michael Jackson released the world's largest selling album of all time, 'Thriller'. This album produced 7 hit singles, breaking yet again more records, and went on to sell over 50 million copies worldwide. Michael was keen to use music video or short films as he called them to promote his singles from the album. He worked with the best directors and producers, using the latest technology and special effects for the hit song 'Billie Jean' The short film 'Thriller' used the latest make-up artists technology combined with fantastic dancing and chorography, to produce a 14 minute video, with a start, a middle and an ending. So successful was this video that 'The Making Of Michael Jackson's Thriller' became the world's largest selling home video combined with soaring album sales. In 1983 Michael performed the now legendary moonwalk for the first time on the 'Motown 25 years' anniversary show. This performance alone set Michael undoubtable into the realm of a superstar. On December 9th 1984 at the last concert of the Jackson's Victory Tour, Michael announced he was splitting from the group and going solo.

Other Albums

In 1987 Michael released his much awaited third solo album, titled 'Bad', and lauched his record breaking first solo world tour. 1988, Michael wrote his first autobiography, Moonwalk, talking for the first time on his childhood and his career. At the end of the 1980s Michael was named 'Artist of the Decade' for his success off of his 'Thriller' and 'Bad' albums. In 1991 Michael signed with Sony Music the largest ever recording contract and released his fourth solo album, 'Dangerous'. He toured world again in 1992, taking his concerts to countries that had never before been visited by a pop/rock artist. Also Michael founded the 'Heal the World Foundation' to help improve the lives of children across the world. 1995 saw Michael release a fifth solo album, 'History', which was a double album, first half new material and second half greatest hits. Michael toured again over a legs covering a 2 year period.In 1997 Michael released the remix album 'Blood on the Dance Floor' which also contained 5 new song linked with a 38min film "Ghosts". This film Michael played 5 roles using the latest special effects and make-up artistry, combined with his dance and music. In September, 2001 Michael celebrated his 30th anniversary as a solo artist with two concerts to be held in New York, USA. Many artists such as Whitney Houston, Usher, Destinys Child, Shaggy and many more performed there own and Michael Jacksons past songs. Michael then reunited with all of his brothers and performed there biggest hits. Michael then went onto perform solo some of his biggest hits. In October 2001 Michael released the album 'Invincible' releasing only 2 singles including the big hit "You Rock My World". Shortly after the albums release there were rumours of a rift with Sony Music and a clear lack of promotion of the album. The second single "Cry" was released with a very poor music video which did not feature Michael and no other singles were released. In November 2003 a new single "One More Chance" was released as a single and was also a track on new compilaition album "Number Ones". In March 2009, Michael annouced a shock comeback tour at the O2 Arena in London to start in July 2009, intially for 10 dates but the total grew to a sold out 50 dates with over 750,000 tickets sold. All sold tickets sold out within minutes of being released.

Awards /Honors:

Michael Jackson was inducted onto the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1980 as member of The Jacksons and in 1984 as solo artist. Throughout his career he received numerous honors and awards, including the World Music Awards' Best-Selling Pop Male Artist of the Millennium, the American Music Award's Artist of the Century Award and the Bambi Pop Artist of the Millennium Award. He was a double-inductee of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, once as a member of The Jackson 5 in 1997 and later as a solo artist in 2001. Jackson was also inducted in several other hall of fames, including Vocal Group Hall of Fame (as The Jackson 5 member) in 1999 and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2002. In 2010, Jackson was inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame as the first (and currently only) dancer from the world of pop and rock 'n' roll. His awards include many Guinness World Records (eight in 2006 alone), 13 Grammy Awards (as well as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award), 26 American Music Awards (including the "Artist of the Century" and "Artist of the 1980s")—more than any artist—, 13 number one singles in the US in his solo career—more than any other male artist in the Hot 100 era—and estimated sales of up to 400 million records worldwide, which makes him one of the best selling artists of all time. On December 29, 2009, the American Film Institute recognized Jackson's death as a "moment of significance" saying, "Michael Jackson's sudden death in June at age 50 was notable for the worldwide outpouring of grief and the unprecedented global eulogy of his posthumous concert rehearsal movie This Is It." Michael Jackson also received a Doctor of Humane Letters Degree from the United Negro College Fund and also an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Fisk University

Books:

  • Moonwalk
  • Dancing the Dream

Selected works:

Albums, solo

  • Got to Be There, Motown, 1972.
  • Ben, Motown, 1972.
  • Music and Me, Motown, 1973.
  • Forever, Michael, Motown, 1975.
  • The Best of Michael Jackson, Motown, 1975.
  • Off the Wall, Epic, 1979.
  • Thriller, Epic, 1982.
  • Bad, Epic, 1987.
  • Dangerous, Epic, 1991.
  • HIStory: Past, Present, and Future Book I, Epic, 1995.
  • Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix, Epic, 1997.
  • Invincible, Epic, 2001.
  • Michael Jackson: The Complete Collection, Epic, 2004.

Albums, with the Jackson 5

  • Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, Motown, 1969.
  • ABC, Motown, 1970.
  • Third Album, Motown, 1970.
  • The Jackson 5 Christmas Album, Motown, 1970.
  • Maybe Tomorrow, Motown, 1971.
  • Goin' Back to Indiana, Motown, 1971.
  • The Jackson 5's Greatest Hits, Motown, 1971.
  • Looking Through the Windows, Motown, 1972.
  • Skywriter, Motown, 1973.
  • Get It Together, Motown, 1973.
  • Dancing Machine, Motown, 1974.
  • Moving Violation, Motown, 1975.
  • Joyful Jukebox Music, Motown, 1976.
  • The Jackson 5 Anthology, Motown, 1976.
  • The Jacksons, Epic, 1976.
  • Goin' Places, Epic, 1977.
  • Destiny, Epic, 1978.
  • Off the Wall, Epic, 1979.
  • Boogie, Motown, 1980.
  • Triumph, Epic, 1980.
  • The Jacksons Live, Epic, 1981.
  • Farewell My Summer Love, Motown, 1984 (recorded 1973, previously unreleased).
  • Victory, Epic, 1984.

FILMOGRAPHY AS DIRECTOR

  • Michael Jackson: HIStory on Film - Volume II (1997)
  • FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR
  • Bad 25 (2012). Himself
  • This Is It (28-Oct-2009) • Himself
  • Miss Cast Away (26-Feb-2004)
  • Living with Michael Jackson: A Tonight Special (3-Feb-2003) • Himself
  • Men in Black II (26-Jun-2002) • Agent M
  • Swing Vote (19-Apr-1999) • Himself
  • Ghosts (8-May-1997)
  • Michael Jackson: HIStory on Film - Volume II (1997) • Himself
  • Michael Jackson: Video Greatest Hits - HIStory (16-Jun-1995) • Himself
  • Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones (3-Oct-1990) • Himself [VOICE]
  • Moonwalker (16-Dec-1988) • Himself
  • Captain Eo (12-Sep-1986)
  • We Are the World (28-Jan-1985) • Himself
  • The Wiz (24-Oct-1978)
  • Wiz on Down the Road (1978) • Scarecrow

Hobbies and personal interests:

Michael liked to read books. He had more than 10,000 books in his Neverland library. He liked shopping, traveling, peterpan, arts, rare collections, music, climbing trees, animals, helping other people. He enjoyed helping other people especially ill children because he didn't have a normal childhood. He gave more than 500 million dollars to more than 40 charities with different causes. He also liked swimming but was not able to perform it regularly because he has a skin disorder that prevented him from exposing himself to the sunlight.

Death, place of death, Time of death, place of burial:

On June 25th 2009 Michael Jackson died suddenly of a reported cardiac arrest in his bed at his rented mansion at 100 North Carolwood Drive in the Holmby Hills district of Los Angeles. He was 50 years old. Jackson's memorial was held on July 7, 2009, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, preceded by a private family service at Forest Lawn Memorial Park's Hall of Liberty. Jackson's casket was present during the memorial but no information was released about the final disposition of the body.

Quotes and Memoirs:

  • If you enter this world knowing you are loved and you leave this world knowing the same, then everything that happens in between can be dealt with.
  • Let us dream of tomorrow where we can truly love from the soul, and know love as the ultimate truth at the heart of all creation.
  • I'm happy to be alive, I'm happy to be who I am.
  • Because parents have power over children. They feel they have to do what their parents say. But the love of money is the root of all evil. And this is a sweet child. And to see him turn like this, this isn't him. This is not him.
  • But I will never stop helping and loving people the way Jesus said to.
  • I'm never pleased with anything, I'm a perfectionist, it's part of who I am.
  • And I remember going to the record studio and there was a park across the street and I'd see all the children playing and I would cry because it would make me sad that I would have to work instead.
  • The greatest education in the world is watching the masters at work.
  • The meaning of life is contained in every single expression of life. It is present in the infinity of forms and phenomena that exist in all of creation.

References:
http://www.allmichaeljackson.com
http://www.answers.com
http://www.imdb.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.nndb.com
http://www.brainyquote.com