Marlon Brando, Jr.

Marlon Brando, Jr.

|American
date of birth : 03/04/1924 | date of death : 2004/ 01/0
Born on April 3, 1924, American, Actor, Marlon Brando is considered to be one of, if not the, greatest actors of all time.

Birth date, birth place, birth time:

Marlon Brando was born April 3, 1924, in Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Father’s name: Marlon Brando, Sr.
Mother’s name: Dorothy Julia (Pennebaker)
Brother: -
Sister: Jocelyn/ Frannie Brando
Spouse(s):Tarita Teriipia (m. 1962–1972)/ Movita Castaneda (m. 1960–1962)/ Anna Kashfi (m. 1957–1959)
Children: fifteen Christian Brando/ Cheyenne Brando/ Miko Castaneda Brando/ Stephen Blackehart/ Rebecca Brando/ Angelique Brando/ Timothy Gahan Brando/ Petra Brando-Corval/ Raiatua Brando/ Michael Gilman/ Dylan Brando/ Simon Teihotu Brando/ Maimiti Brando/ Ninna Priscilla Brando/ Myles Jonathan Brando

Personal information:

Height: 175 cm
Website: www.marlonbrando.com

Life events:

Early Life

He was born in Omaha, Nebraska, on April 3, 1924. Brando's ancestry included German, Dutch, English, and Irish. His patrilineal ancestor, Johann Wilhelm Brandau, was a German immigrant to New York in the early 1700s. When he was six years old his family moved to Illinois. His father was a salesman and his mother acted in amateur plays. Brando‘s family nickname was “Bud”; he was the youngest of three children. Her sister dreamed of becoming an actress, whilst Frannie (another sister) aspired to a career as an artist. Brando did not have a happy family life. He frequently argued with his father. He also did poorly in school. Sports and dramatics were the only things that interested him. He failed all other subjects. In an effort to control Brando and give him some discipline, his father sent him to a military school. Brando was seventeen years old at the time. He stayed there for almost three years, but he refused to respect authority and caused so much trouble that he was expelled in his senior year. Because of his behavior, Brando never graduated from high school. He has said that not having a high school education and diploma has always been a source of embarrassment for him. Brando returned to his family and ended up taking a job digging ditches.

Brando in New York

Finally his father offered to finance his education. Brando moved to New York, where one of his sisters was trying to become an actress. He began to study with the famous acting coach Stella Adler at the Actors' Studio, a very important acting school. While at the Actors' Studio, Brando learned the "method approach." In method acting actors are taught to draw on their own personal emotions and experiences as a way to portray their characters. Older acting systems relied heavily on teaching actors physical gestures as the way to express themselves.

Acting

Brando made his Broadway debut in I Remember Mama in 1944. The New York theater critics voted him Broadway's Most Promising Actor for his performance in 1946. In 1947 he played his greatest stage role, Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams's (1911–1983) drama A Streetcar Named Desire. Brando based his performance as Stanley on the naturalistic techniques that he had learned from Stella Adler, and the film was widely acclaimed. Astonishingly for such a relatively inexperienced actor, A Streetcar Named Desire earned Brando the first of his eight Academy Award nominations for Best Actor. Brando played a variety of different characters over the next several years. Brando won his first Academy Award in 1954 for his role in On the Water-front, a hard-hitting look at New York City labor unions (a workers' group organized to help workers receive fair wages). From 1955 to 1958 people in the movie industry always voted Brando as one of the top ten film attractions in the nation. He won his second Oscar for his role in The Godfather (1972), but he refused to accept it because of how he felt Hollywood showed Native Americans in its movies. Brando did not appear at the Academy Awards ceremony to personally deny the trophy. Instead, he had a Native American Apache woman named Sacheen Little feather read his protest. In 1994 Brando changed his mind and tried to get the gold Oscar statuette, but his request was denied. Brando continued to work in many films after The Godfather, both as a star and in smaller roles in dramas and comedies. Critics have said that both the movies themselves as well as Brando's performances have been of very uneven quality. Young people who have not seen Brando's amazing efforts in his early films will not find the same genius in his later movies. The small roles he has played do not demand the acting range for which he had once achieved so much praise. Marlon Brando died in 2004.

Personal Life

The unhappy family life Brando had as a child has been mirrored in his own family life as an adult. He has had many failed marriages. In Songs My Mother Taught Me, Brando claimed he met Marilyn Monroe at a party where she played piano, unnoticed by anybody else there, and they had an affair and maintained an intermittent relationship for many years, receiving a telephone call from her several days before she died. Brando married with actress Anna Kashfi in 1957. Kashfi was born in Calcutta and moved to Wales from India in 1947. She is said to have been the daughter of a Welsh steel worker of Irish descent, William O'Callaghan, who had been superintendent on the Indian State railways. Brando and Kashfi had a son, Christian Brando, on May 11, 1958; they divorced in 1959. In 1960, Brando married Movita Castaneda, a Mexican-American actress seven years his senior; they were divorced in 1962. Castaneda had appeared in the first Mutiny on the Bounty film in 1935, some 27 years before the 1962 remake with Brando as Fletcher Christian. They had two children together: Miko Castaneda Brando (born 1961) and Rebecca Brando (born 1966). Tahitian actress Tarita Teriipia, who played his love interest in Mutiny on the Bounty, became Brando's third wife on August 10, 1962. She was 20 years old, 18 years younger than Brando, who was reportedly delighted by her naiveté. Because Teriipia was a native French speaker, Brando became fluent in the language and gave numerous interviews in French. Teriipia became the mother of two of his children: Simon Teihotu Brando (born 1963) and Tarita Cheyenne Brando. Brando also adopted Teriipia's daughters, Maimiti Brando (born 1977) and Raiatua Brando (born 1982). Brando and Teriipia divorced in July 1972. Brando had a long-term relationship with his housekeeper Maria Christina Ruiz, by whom he had three children: Ninna Priscilla Brando (born May 13, 1989), Myles Jonathan Brando (born January 16, 1992), and Timothy Gahan Brando (born January 6, 1994). He had four more children by unidentified women: Stephen Blackehart (born 1967), Michael Gilman (born 1967), who was adopted by Brando's longtime friend Sam Gilman, Dylan Brando (born 1968), and Angelique Brando. Brando also adopted Petra Brando-Corval (born 1972), the daughter of his assistant Caroline Barrett and novelist James Clavell. Also he has experienced personal tragedy from the actions of two of his children. A son served time in prison for manslaughter and a daughter committed suicide. Brando's years of self-indulgence are visible. He overate until he weighed well over three hundred pounds in the mid-1990s. However, to judge Brando by his appearance today and dismiss his work because of his later, less significant acting jobs would be a mistake. The range of the roles he played is a testament to his ability to explore many aspects of the human psyche (mind). Brando seems perfectly content knowing his best work is behind him. He still remains an influence for actors today, and has won popular acclaim and critical consensus as one of the greatest cinema actors of the late twentieth century.

Education:

Libertyville High School: Libertyville, Illinois
Actors Studio: New York, New York
American Theatre Wing Professional School: New York, New York
Shattuck Military Academy: Faribault, Minnesota - 1943
The New School: New York, New York - 1943 – 1944

Occupation and Career:

Brando began his acting career in summer stock roles in Sayville, New York. He became first visible in 1944 in the play “Remember Mama”. He was then only twenty years old and still developing his skills as a method actor. Brando’s breakthrough acting role was on stage as Stanley Kowalski in “A Streetcar Named Desire”, directed by Elia Kazan in 1947. In his next movie, Viva Zapata! (1952), he played Emiliano Zapata, who rose from being a peasant (a poor farmer) to becoming the president of Mexico. He was Marc Antony in the film version of William Shakespeare's (1564–1616) Julius Caesar (1953). He played a motorcyclegang leader in The Wild One (1954), portrayed Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821) in Désirée (1954), and sang and danced as Sky Masterson in the musical comedy Guys and Dolls (1955). During the 1960s, however, his career had more downs than ups. In 1962 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) studios decided to remake Mutiny on the Bounty, which had originally been filmed in 1935. The movie was a disaster at the box office. It failed to earn even half of its enormous budget (the money it cost to make it). Brando's excessive self-indulgence (spoiled behavior) reached its height during the filming of this movie. He was criticized for his tantrums (fits of bad temper) on the set and for trying to alter the script. Off the set he ate too much and would not associate with the cast and crew. For the rest of the 1960s Brando acted in several movies, but none of them was considered to be of very high quality. Brando's career was reborn in 1972 with his portrayal of Mafia (a secret, criminal organization) leader Don Corleone in The Godfather.

Awards:

Academy Awards:

  • 1954: Best Actor, On the Waterfront
  • 1972: Best Actor, The Godfather (turned down)

Nomination:

  • 1951: Best Actor, A Streetcar Named Desire
  • 1952: Best Actor, Viva Zapata!
  • 1953: Best Actor, Julius Caesar
  • 1957: Best Actor, Sayonara
  • 1973: Best Actor, Last Tango in Paris
  • 1989: Best Supporting Actor, a Dry White Season

BAFTA Awards:

  • 1953: Best Foreign Actor, Viva Zapata!
  • 1954: Best Foreign Actor, Julius Caesar
  • 1955: Best Foreign Actor, On the Waterfront

Nominations:

  • 1958: Best Actor, The Young Lions
  • 1972: Best Actor, The Night comers
  • 1972: Best Actor, the Godfather
  • 1974: Best Actor, Last Tango in Paris
  • 1989: Best Supporting Actor, a Dry White Season

Emmy Awards:

  • 1979: Outstanding Supporting Actor - Miniseries/Movie, Roots: The Next Generations

Golden Globe Awards:

  • 1954: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, On the Waterfront
  • 1972: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, The Godfather

Nominations:

  • 1957: Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical/Comedy, The Teahouse of the August Moon
  • 1958: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, Sayonara
  • 1964: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, The Ugly American
  • 1990: Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture, A Dry White Season

Cannes Film Festival:

  • 1952: Best Actor - Viva Zapata!

Works:

FILMOGRAPHY

  • The Score (2001) Max
  • You Rock My World (2001) (TV)
  • Free Money (1998) Warden Sven ‘The Swede’ Sorenson
  • The Brave (1997) McCarthy
  • The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) Dr. Moreau
  • Don Juan DeMarco (1994) Dr. Jack Mickler
  • Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (1992) Tomas de Torquemada
  • The freshman (1990) Carmine Sabatini
  • A Dry White Season (1989) Ian McKenzie
  • The Formula (1980) Adam Steiffel, Chairman Titan Oil
  • Apocalypse Now (1979) Colonel Walter E. Kurtz
  • Superman (1978) Jor-El
  • The Missouri Breaks (1976) Lee Clayton
  • Ultimo tango a Parigi (1972) Paul
  • The Godfather (1972) Don Vito Corleone
  • The Nightcomers (1971) Peter Quint
  • Burn! (1969) Sir William Walker
  • The Night of the Following Day (1968) Chauffeur
  • Candy (1968) Grindl
  • Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) Maj. Weldon Penderton
  • A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) Ogden Mears
  • The Appaloosa (1966) Matt
  • The Chase (1966) Sheriff Calder
  • Morituri (1965) Robert Crain
  • Bedtime Story (1964) Freddy Benson
  • The Ugly American (1963) Ambassador Harrison Carter MacWhite
  • Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) 1st Lt. Fletcher Christian
  • One-Eyed Jacks (1961) Rio
  • The Fugitive Kind (1960) Valentine ‘Snakeskin’ Xavier
  • The Young Lions (1958) Lt. Christian Diestl
  • Sayonara (1957) Maj. Lloyd ‘Ace’ Gruver – USAF
  • The Teahouse of the August Moon (1956) Sakini
  • Guys and Dolls (1955/I) Sky Masterson
  • Desirée (1954) Napoleon Bonaparte
  • On the Waterfront (1954) Terry Malloy
  • The Wild One (1953) Johnny Strabler / Narrator
  • Julius Caesar (1953) Mark Antony
  • Viva Zapata! (1952) Emiliano Zapata
  • A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) Stanley Kowalski
  • The Men (1950) Ken

Death, place of death, Time of death, place of burial:

On 1 July 2004, Marlon Brando died in hospital from respiratory failure, although he had also been suffering from heart failure and diabetes. He was 80. His ashes were scattered partly in Tahiti, and partly in Death Valley.

Quotes and Memoirs:

An actor's a guy who, if you isn’t talking about him, isn’t listening.
Acting is the expression of a neurotic impulse. It's a bum's life. Quitting acting, that's the sign of maturity.
If we are not our brother's keeper, at least let us not be his executioner.
Privacy is not something that I'm merely entitled to, it's an absolute prerequisite.
Never confuse the size of your paycheck with the size of your talent.
The only thing an actor owes his public is not to bore them. An actor is at most a poet and at least an entertainer.
The only reason I'm in Hollywood is that I don't have the moral courage to refuse the money.
If you want something from an audience, you give blood to their fantasies. It's the ultimate hustle.
There's a line in the picture where he snarls, 'Nobody tells me what to do.' That's exactly how I've felt all my life.
An actor's a guy who, if you aren’t talking about him, isn’t listening.
If there's anything unsettling to the stomach, it's watching actors on television talk about their personal lives.

Reference:
http://www.biography.com
http://www.answers.com
http://movies.yahoo.com
http://www.imdb.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk
http://www.notablebiographies.com
http://www.nnp.org