John Fitzgerald Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy

|American
date of birth : 29/05/1917 | date of death : 22/11/1963
Born on May 29, 1917, U.S, 35th President of the United States, Politician, He served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until he was assassinated in November 1963.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born at 83 Beals Street in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917.

Father's name: Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr
Mother's name: Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Brother: Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., Robert F. Kennedy, Edward Moore Kennedy
Sister: Rosemary Kennedy, Kathleen Agnes Kennedy, Eunice Kennedy, Patricia Kennedy, Jean Kennedy
Spouse: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (m. 1953–1963)
Children: John F. Kennedy, Jr., Caroline Kennedy, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, Arabella Kennedy

Reputation, fame, nickname:

JFK, John F. Kennedy, "Jack", Jack Kennedy

Personal Information:

Height: 6' (1.83 m)
Religion: Roman Catholicism
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Life events:

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy often referred to by his initials JFK was born of Irish descent in May of 1917. Brookline Massachusetts native John F. Kennedy would eventually become the youngest man ever to be elected to the office of President of the Untied States of America. After graduating from Harvard in 1940 he began a career of defending his country in the United States Naval Forces. Three years into his tour Kennedy's boat was attacked by a Japanese destroyer and destroyed. Although suffering serious wounds in the attack the brave young man was able to lead the other surviving members of his outfit to safety. John Fitzgerald Kennedy returned from war a hero and was elected the Democratic congressman in the Boston area. In 1953 he quickly advanced his political career to the Senate and that same year he married Jacqueline Bouvier. Two years later while he was in recovery from a back injury Kennedy wrote the novel Profiles in Courage which would win its author Pulitzer Prize in the history category. 1956 is the year in which John F. Kennedy narrowly missed the Democratic nomination for Vice President however four years later he successfully attained a position on the ballot as a presidential candidate. Millions of American citizens watched Kennedy's debates against Republican candidate Richard M. Nixon that election year. John F. Kennedy would prove victorious and become the nation's first Roman Catholic president with just a small margin in the popular vote. His motivational inaugural speech with the historic comment "Ask not what your country can do for you-ask what you can do for your country." was the beginnings of Kennedy's promises of making the United States once again a productive nation. Innovative plans to jump start the country's economy and ground breaking civil rights legislation where soon being produced from the young president. Permitting an exhiled group of Cuban's invade their former homeland to dethrone dictator Fidel Castro, President Kennedy's attempt to help the country establish more basic human right's ended in failure. Shortly after the Soviet Union once again renewed it's plans to go to war with West Berlin and situated itself as a nuclear superpower in Cuba. Standing strong in the face of nuclear war John F. Kennedy proved the United States of America was a force to be reckoned with and made the Soviet's back down from their nefarious plans. Tragedy of epic proportions struck America on November 22, 1963 as not even one thousand days into his time in office John Kennedy was struck down by an assassin as his motorcade made it's way through Dallas Texas. This unfortunate event made John F. Kennedy the youngest man to become president and the youngest to die while in office.

Education:

High School: Choate Rosemary Hall, Wallingford, CT (1935)
University: London School of Economics (summer 1935, left due to jaundice)
University: Princeton University (attended fall 1935, left due to jaundice)
University: Harvard University (1940, cum laude)
University: Stanford University (attended six months, business school)

Occupation and Career:

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy was a civil Rights Activist, U.S. President and U.S. Representative. His careers include:

  • US President (1961-63)
  • US Senator, Massachusetts (1953-60)
  • US Congressman, Massachusetts 11th (1947-53)

Awards /Honors:

  • Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography,
  • Jane Addams Children's Book Award
  • Awarded the Purple Heart, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal and the World War II Victory Medal for duty and heroism during World War II.
  • Awarded with a Pulitzer Prize in 1957 for his book Profiles in Courage (1956)
  • NASA's Launch Operations Center in Florida was renamed the John F. Kennedy Space Center in November 1963.
  • New York's international airport, Idlewild, was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport in 1963.
  • Posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1963.
  • U.S. Mint issues the Kennedy half-dollar coin in 1964.

Books:

  • Why England Slept (1940, nonfiction)
  • Profiles in Courage (1956, biography)
  • The Strategy of Peace (1960)

Hobbies and personal interests:

He liked to play sports, such as, golf, basketball, tennis, football. He also had pets: his pets were, ducks, and a pony named macaroni!

Death, place of death, Time of death, place of burial:

President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 pm Central Standard Time on November 22, 1963, while on a political trip to Texas. He was shot once in the upper back and killed with a final shot to the head. He was taken to Parkland Hospital for emergency medical treatment, but pronounced dead at 1:00 pm. A Requiem Mass was held for Kennedy at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle on November 25, 1963. Afterwards, John F. Kennedy's body was buried in a small plot, (20 by 30 ft.), in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.

Legacy:

  • Kennedy was the first president to face a nuclear confrontation; the first to literally reach for the moon, through the nation's space programs; the first in half a century to call a White House conference on conservation; the first to give the arts a prominent place in American national councils; the first since Theodore Roosevelt with whom youth could identify. He made the nation see itself with new eyes.
  • Yet his most cherished dreams foundered without the influence of his inspiration and guiding hand. The Alliance for Progress, his program to revitalize life throughout the poor nations of South America, disintegrated - Latin American leaders were simply not committed to democratic change. The youthful idealism of the Peace Corps eroded under the impact of disillusionment and reality. The romantic "Green Berets" degenerated into a cloak-and-dagger outfit.
  • What Kennedy accomplished was not as important as what he symbolized. He enjoyed unique appeal for the emerging Third World. As the African magazine Transition expressed it, murdered with Kennedy was "the first real chance for an intelligent and new leadership in the world. His death leaves us unprepared and in darkness."
  • Quotes and Memoirs:
  • Let us not seek the Republican answer or the Democratic answer, but the right answer. Let us not seek to fix the blame for the past. Let us accept our own responsibility for the future.
  • My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.
  • Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future.
  • Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names.
  • Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies. Those whom God has so joined together, let no man put asunder.
  • Do not pray for easy lives. Pray to be stronger men.
  • If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.

References:
http://voices.yahoo.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
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http://www.brainyquote.com