Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton

|American
date of birth : 26/10/1947 | date of death :
Born on October 26, 1947, Chicago, Illinois, United States, Politician, First Lady, was First Lady from 1993 to 2001. In the 2008 election, Clinton was a leading candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

she was born on October 26, 1947 (age 66) in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

Father's name: Hugh E. Rodham
Mother's name: Dorothy Howell Rodham
Brother: Hugh, Tony
Sister: -
Spouse: Bill Clinton
Children: Chelsea Clinton

Personal Information:

Religion: Methodist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight

Life events:

Synopsis

Hillary Clinton was born on October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois. She married Bill Clinton in 1975. She served as first lady from 1993 to 2001, and then as a U.S. senator from 2001 to 2009. In early 2007, Clinton announced her plans to run for the presidency. During the 2008 Democratic primaries, she conceded her nomination when it became apparent that Barack Obama held a majority of the delegate vote. After winning the national election, Obama appointed Clinton as secretary of state. She was sworn in as secretary of state in January 2009 and served in that position until 2013.

Early Years

Hillary Diane Clinton was born Hillary Diane Rodham on October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois. She was raised in Park Ridge, Illinois, a picturesque suburb located 15 miles northwest of downtown Chicago.Hillary Rodham was the eldest daughter of Hugh Rodham, a prosperous fabric store owner, and Dorothy Emma Howell Rodham; she has two younger brothers, Hugh Jr. (born 1950) and Anthony (born 1954).As a young woman, Hillary was active in young Republican groups and campaigned for Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater in 1964. She was inspired to work in some form of public service after hearing a speech in Chicago by the Reverend Martin Luther King, and became a Democrat in 1968.Rodham attended Wellesley College, where she was active in student politics and was elected senior class president before graduating in 1969. She then attended Yale Law School, where she met Bill Clinton. Graduating with honors in 1973, she went on to enroll at Yale Child Study Center, where she took courses on children and medicine and completed one post-graduate year of study. Hillary worked at various jobs during her summers as a college student. In 1971, she first came to Washington, D.C. to work on U.S. Senator Walter Mondale's sub-committee on migrant workers. In the summer of 1972, she worked in the western states for the campaign of Democratic presidential nominee George McGovern. In the spring of 1974, Rodham became a member of the presidential impeachment inquiry staff, advising the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives during the Watergate Scandal. After President Richard M. Nixon resigned in August, she became a faculty member of the University of Arkansas Law School in Fayetteville, where her Yale Law School classmate and boyfriend Bill Clinton was teaching as well.

Marriage to Bill Clinton

Hillary Rodham married Bill Clinton on October 11, 1975, at their home in Fayetteville. Before he proposed marriage, Clinton had secretly purchased a small house that she had remarked that she liked. When he proposed marriage to her and she accepted, he revealed that they owned the house. Their daughter, Chelsea Victoria, was born on February 27, 1980.In 1976, Hillary worked on Jimmy Carter's successful campaign for president while husband Bill was elected Attorney General. Bill Clinton was elected governor in 1978 at age 32, lost re-election in 1980, but came back to win in 1982, 1984, 1986 (when the term of office was expanded from two to four years) and 1990.Hillary joined the Rose Law Firm in Little Rock and, in 1977, was appointed to part-time chairman of the Legal Services Corporation by President Carter. As first lady of Arkansas for a dozen years (1979-1981, 1983-1992), she chaired the Arkansas Educational Standards Committee, co-founded the Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families, and served on the boards of the Arkansas Children's Hospital, Legal Services and the Children's Defense Fund. She also served on the boards of TCBY and Wal-Mart. In 1988 and 1991, The National Law Journal named her one of the 100 most powerful lawyers in America. On September 26, 2014, Clinton became a first-time grandmother when daughter Chelsea gave birth to Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky.

First Lady

During Bill Clinton's 1992 presidential campaign, Hillary emerged as a dynamic and valued partner of her husband, and as president he named her to head the Task Force on National Health Reform (1993). The controversial commission produced a complicated plan which never came to the floor of either house. It was abandoned in September 1994.During this period, she and her husband invested in the Whitewater real estate project. The project's bank, Morgan Guaranty Savings and Loan failed, costing the federal government $73 million. Whitewater later became the subject of congressional hearings and an independent counsel investigation. In 1998, the White House was engulfed in the Monica Lewinsky sex scandal. Though she publicly supported her husband, Mrs. Clinton reportedly considered leaving her marriage. He was impeached, but the U.S. Senate failed to convict and he remained in office.

Running for the Presidency

With her husband limited to two terms in the White House, Mrs. Clinton decided she would seek the U.S. Senate seat from New York held by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. He was retiring after four terms. Despite early problems, and charges of carpet bagging, Clinton beat popular Republican Rick Lazio by a surprisingly wide margin: 55 percent to 43 percent. Clinton became the first wife of a president to seek and win national office and the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate from New York. She easily won re-election in November 2006.In early 2007, Hillary Clinton announced her plans to strive for another first—to be the first female president. During the 2008 Democratic primaries, Senator Clinton conceded her nomination when it became apparent that nominee Barack Obama held a majority of the delegate vote.

U.S. Secretary of State

Shortly after winning the U.S. presidential election, Barack Obama nominated Hillary Clinton as secretary of state. She accepted the nomination, and was officially approved as the 67th U.S. secretary of state by the Senate on January 21, 2009.During her term as secretary of state, Clinton used her position to make women's rights and human rights a central talking point of U.S. initiatives. She became one of the most traveled secretaries of State in American history, and promoted the use of social media to convey the country's positions. She also led U.S. diplomatic efforts in responding to the Arab Spring and military intervention in Libya. The State Department, under Clinton's leadership, came under investigation after a deadly attack on a U.S. diplomatic post in Benghazi, Libya, killed U.S. ambassador Christopher Stevens and three others on September 11, 2012. An independent panel issued a report about the Benghazi attack, which found "systematic failures and leadership and management deficiencies" at the State Department.

Health Issues

Clinton, who said she took responsibility for security at the outpost in Benghazi, was scheduled to testify about the attack before Congress in December 2012. She canceled her scheduled testimony, however, citing a stomach virus and, later, a concussion that she suffered after fainting (the cause of which was later reported as dehydration). Some members of Congress questioned the timing of Clinton's illnesses, including Representative Allen West, who stated that he believed the secretary of state was suffering from "a case of Benghazi flu" on the day she was scheduled to testify. On December 30, 2012, Clinton was hospitalized with a blod clot related to the concussion that she had suffered earlier in the month. She was released from a New York hospital on January 2, 2013, after receiving treatment, and soon recovered and returned to work.

Benghazi Testimony and Resignation

Clinton's testimony on the Benghazi attack came on January 23, 2013. Speaking to members of the House Foreign Relations Committee, she defended her actions while taking full responsibility for the incident, and was moved to tears when discussing the American citizens who were killed in Benghazi. "As I have said many times since September 11, I take responsibility, and nobody is more committed to getting this right," she told the House, adding, "I am determined to leave the State Department and our country safer, stronger and more secure."Since taking office in 2009, Clinton repeatedly stated over the years that she was only interested in serving one term as secretary of state. She officially stepped down from her post at the State Department on February 1, 2013.Clinton has been mentioned as a potential candidate for the 2016 presidential election. However, she has not publicly discussed her possible interest in another bid for the White House.

Education:

Yale Law School (1969–1973), Wellesley College (1965–1969), Maine South High School (1964–1965), Maine East High School (1964), Yale University

Occupation and Career:

First Lady of the United States from 1993 through 2001 (the wife of 42nd U.S. President and former Arkansas governor Bill Clinton), Hillary Rodham Clinton served as New York state senator beginning in 2001, then made a bid for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2008, but lost to Senator Barack Obama of Illinois after a grueling battle and innumerable public debates. The daughter of a drapery manufacturer, Rodham Clinton came of age in Park Ridge, IL, and attended Wellesley College, where she made history as the first student to deliver a commencement address in the history of the said institution. By Clinton's collegiate years, she had evolved into a left-wing spokesperson and an ardent feminist. Progressive causes and beliefs would ultimately shape, mold, and characterize the majority of her political life, marked by a noble but unsuccessful attempt to achieve socialized health care during her husband's eight-year administration; during her bid for the Democratic nomination, she resurrected that issue, and made alleviation for the flagging economy and a withdrawal from the controversial Iraq War central to her campaign. Cinematically, Clinton relegated herself more or less exclusively to participation in nonfiction films -- including news magazine features and documentaries. Projects to which she contributed included the 1999 Lifetime television documentary Intimate Portrait: Jane Alexander, the 2007 documentary Darfur Now, and the same year's documentary 14 Women.

Awards /Honors:

While First Lady of Arkansas

  • In 1983, Clinton was named Arkansas Woman of the Year by the Arkansas Democrat.
  • In 1983, Clinton was named Headliner of the Year by the Arkansas Press Association.
  • Around 1983 or 1984, Hillary and Bill Clinton were named Public Citizens of the Year by the Arkansas chapter of the National Association of Social Workers.
  • In 1984, Clinton was named Arkansas (Young) Mother of the Year by the Arkansas Association of American Mothers.
  • In the mid-1980s, Clinton was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.
  • In 1988 and 1991, Clinton was named by National Law Journal as one of the 100 most influential lawyers in America.

While First Lady of the United States

  • An exhibit at the William J. Clinton Presidential Center also honors Hillary Rodham Clinton's time as First Lady of the United States.
  • In May 1993, Clinton received an honorary doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania. She also served as the university's commencement speaker that year.
  • Around 1994, Clinton received the Living Legacy Award from the Women's International Center, in recognition of "her vast contributions in so many fields, especially honoring her work for women and children.".
  • In 1994, a special variety of tulip was cultivated and named for her in The Netherlands; it was still being grown as of the late 2000s.
  • In 1995, the New York University Annual Survey of American Law dedicated its 52nd volume to Clinton. Each spring since 1942 the NYU Annual Survey has dedicated a volume to a preeminent attorney. On hand to honor Clinton were Former Secretary of the Treasury and United States Senator Lloyd M. Bentsen, Nobel Peace Laureate Elie Wiesel, Her Majesty Queen Noor of Jordan, United States Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin, and United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy.
  • In June 1995, Mount Saint Vincent University awarded Clinton an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters.
  • Clinton won the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for It Takes a Village during the Grammy Awards of 1997.
  • In May 1998, Clinton received the United Arab Emirates Health Foundation Prize for her work in health and social welfare, especially as it related to women, children, and families.
  • In April 1999, Clinton was honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Children of Chernobyl Relief Fund for her support of that Ukrainian organization's efforts regarding legacy effects of the Chernobyl accident.
  • In June 1999, Clinton received the Mother Teresa Award, the highest honor given to civilians by Albania. This was in recognition of her humanitarian efforts following the Kosovo War and worldwide.
  • In 1993-94, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000, Clinton was named by Americans in Gallup's most admired man and woman poll as the woman around the world they most admired.

While United States Senator from New York

  • On March 26, 2004, Clinton was presented with the inaugural Nursing Health and Humanity Award from the University of Rochester School of Nursing.
  • On August 26, 2004, Clinton was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, (LLD) by the University of Ulster.
  • On February 13, 2005, Clinton was awarded the German Media Prize 2004. "Hillary Clinton is a model politician for millions of women around the world" who "represents in an exemplary way women's rights", the jury for the prize said.
  • On February 15, 2005, Clinton was given the American Medical Women's Association's President’s Vision & Voice Award, for being an advocate for women's health and related issues.
  • In May 2005, Clinton received an honorary doctorate from Agnes Scott College near Atlanta for being a "defender of human rights" and "a resolute defender of the rights of women and girls."
  • On July 30, 2005, Clinton was given the Reserve Officers Association's National President's Award.
  • In September 2005, Clinton initially accepted but later rejected honorary membership into Alpha Kappa Alpha due to its exclusive requirements which would prevent her from accepting honorary membership in other National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations.
  • On October 9, 2005, Clinton was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
  • In April 2006, Clinton was honored with the Remembrance Award from the Northeastern New York Chapter of the Alzheimer's Association.
  • On June 14, 2006, Clinton received an Energy Leadership Award from the United States Energy Association's Energy Efficiency Forum, in recognition of her leadership on energy issues.
  • During 2007, Clinton was awarded an honorary doctorate in medicine by the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, for being "a strong advocate for increased investment in medical research" and for "raising awareness of the increased health problems linked to obesity, poor quality food and physical inactivity."
  • Senator Clinton was named Person of the Year in 2007 by Irish America magazine.
  • For 2008, Clinton was named NY1's New Yorker of the Year.
  • On January 17, 2009, Senator Clinton received the Salute to Greatness Award from the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change.
  • Clinton has been ranked among the world's most powerful people by Forbes magazine and Time magazine's Time 100.
  • From 2002 through 2008, Clinton was named by Americans in Gallup's most admired man and woman poll as the woman around the world they most admired.

While United States Secretary of State

  • Newsweek ranked her as the 13th most powerful person on the planet, and the most powerful American woman, in its "Global Elite" for 2009.
  • In 2009, Clinton received the Global Trailblazer award from Vital Voices Global Partnership, for "her passionate commitment to promoting women's rights and securing justice for all people around the world."
  • For the fifth time, Clinton was named by TIME magazine in 2009 as one of the most 100 influential people in the world.
  • On March 27, 2009, Clinton received the Margaret Sanger Award from the Planned Parenthood Federation of America,which the organization says "recognize[s] leadership, excellence, and outstanding contributions to the reproductive health and rights movement."
  • On May 13, 2009, Clinton received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from New York University and spoke at their 177th commencement at new Yankee Stadium.
  • On May 18, 2009, Clinton received Barnard College's highest award, the Barnard Medal of Distinction, as she spoke at their commencement.
  • On May 25, 2009, Clinton received an honorary Doctor of Law degree from Yale University, from whose law school she had graduated three dozen years earlier.
  • Also on May 25, 2009, Clinton received an award from the National Coordinated Effort of Hellenes, for "unprecedented steps taken in the right direction on Hellenic and Orthodox issues".
  • Forbes listed her as the 36th most powerful woman in the world in 2009.
  • On October 5, 2010, Secretary Clinton was given the George McGovern Leadership Award by the World Food Programme, for "her commitment and visionary approach to ending global hunger."
  • In November 2010, Time magazine named Clinton one of the 25 most powerful women of the past century.
  • In 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012, Clinton was named by Americans in Gallup's most admired man and woman poll as the woman around the world they most admired. The win in 2012 was her eleventh in a row and seventeenth overall.
  • On June 2, 2011, Secretary Clinton was given the George C. Marshall Foundation Award for a career of distinguished public service, and in particular, "for her dignity and integrity of character, for her devotion to creating and perpetuating free and democratic institutions, and for promoting appropriate economic development that will allow them to flourish."
  • In March 2012, Arkansas' largest airport, in Little Rock, was renamed to Bill and Hillary Clinton National Airport.
  • In April 2012, Clinton was named to the 2012 Time 100.
  • In April 2012, Clinton received a Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service.
  • On May 24, 2012, Clinton was given the Champions for Change Award for Leadership by the International Center for Research on Women, "in recognition of her long-standing dedication to empowering women and girls worldwide and ensuring their human rights."
  • In December 2012, the Saban Center for Middle East Policy's annual Saban Forum honored Clinton with a keynote speech introduced by an eight-minute video that featured several foreign leaders and considerable praise from Israeli leaders Benjamin Netanyahu, Tzipi Livni, Shimon Peres, and Ehud Barak.
  • In Belfast on December 8, 2012, Clinton was given a Lifetime Achievement Award by The Worldwide Ireland Funds, in recognition of her efforts for peace and reconciliation in Northern Ireland during her time as First Lady, Senator, and Secretary of State.
  • On January 15, 2013, Clinton was awarded the Philippine Legion of Honor.

While private citizen

  • Clinton being presented with the 2013 Chatham House Prize by Prince Andrew, Duke of York
  • On February 14, 2013, two weeks after stepping down as Secretary of State, Clinton was given Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the highest Pentagon medal given to private citizens or politicians. Both Clinton and Defense Secretary Leon Panetta praised the unusually cooperative relationship the two departments had during Clinton's tenure.
  • On May 8, 2013, Clinton was honored by the Pacific Council on International Policy with the inaugural Warren Christopher Public Service Award.
  • On July 8, 2013, the Hillary Rodham Clinton Children's Library and Learning Center was dedicated in Little Rock, Arkansas, having recently been named that by the Central Arkansas Library System. Clinton read The Very Hungry Caterpillar to mark the occasion.
  • On August 28, 2013, the British international affairs think tank Chatham House voted Clinton as the 2013 winner of the Chatham House Prize "in recognition of her personal leadership in driving a new era of US diplomatic engagement and for her particular focus on promoting education and rights for women and girls"
  • On September 10, 2013, the National Constitution Center awarded Clinton the 2013 Liberty Medal for her positions in public service and for her advocacy efforts towards more rights for women and girls worldwide.
  • On September 13, 2013, the University of St Andrews conferred an honorary Doctor of Law degree onto her in recognition of her "roles as politician, diplomat and champion of education, human rights, democracy, civil society, and opportunities for women and girls around the world."
  • In 2013, Clinton was once again named by Americans in Gallup's most admired man and woman poll as the woman around the world they most admired. The win was her twelfth in a row and eighteenth overall.
  • In April 2014, Clinton was named to the Time 100 most influential people in the world list for the eighth time.
  • On May 3, 2014, Hillary Rodham Clinton received the Order of Lincoln, the highest award of the State of Illinois, where she was born and raised

Books:

  • Hard Choices
  • Living History
  • An Invitation to the White House
  • Dear Socks, Dear Buddy
  • The unique voice of Hillary Rodham Clinton
  • It Takes a Village

Hobbies and personal interests:

Crossword puzzles, Scrabble and gardening

Quotes and Memoirs:

Voting is the most precious right of every citizen, and we have a moral obligation to ensure the integrity of our voting process.
The American people are tired of liars and people who pretend to be something they're not.
I'm undaunted in my quest to amuse myself by constantly changing my hair.
In the Bible it says they asked Jesus how many times you should forgive, and he said 70 times 7. Well, I want you all to know that I'm keeping a chart.
You don't walk away if you love someone. You help the person.
I think that you can disagree with people and debate over their positions with issues without engaging in the politics of personal destruction.
We must stop thinking of the individual and start thinking about what is best for society.
Probably my worst quality is that I get very passionate about what I think is right.
Many of you are well enough off that the tax cuts may have helped you. We're saying that for America to get back on track, we're probably going to cut that short and not give it to you. We're going to take things away from you on behalf of the common good.
What we have to do... is to find a way to celebrate our diversity and debate our differences without fracturing our communities.
I think that if you live long enough, you realize that so much of what happens in life is out of your control, but how you respond to it is in your control. That's what I try to remember.
In almost every profession - whether it's law or journalism, finance or medicine or academia or running a small business - people rely on confidential communications to do their jobs. We count on the space of trust that confidentiality provides. When someone breaches that trust, we are all worse off for it.
Women are the largest untapped reservoir of talent in the world.
I believe that the rights of women and girls is the unfinished business of the 21st century.
Gay rights are human rights.
I can't stand the kind of paralysis that some people fall into because they're not happy with the choices they've made.
If I want to knock a story off the front page, I just change my hairstyle.
It is often when night looks darkest, it is often before the fever breaks that one senses the gathering momentum for change, when one feels that resurrection of hope in the midst of despair and apathy.
There is a sense that things, if you keep positive and optimistic about what can be done, do work out.
You show people what you're willing to fight for when you fight your friends.
It should never be a crime to be gay.
I don't think feminism, as I understand the definition, implies the rejection of maternal values, nurturing children, caring about the men in your life. That is just nonsense to me.
The worst thing that can happen in a democracy - as well as in an individual's life - is to become cynical about the future and lose hope.
It is past time for women to take their rightful place, side by side with men, in the rooms where the fates of peoples, where their children's and grandchildren's fates, are decided.
References:
http://www.firstladies.org
http://www.biography.com
http://www.nndb.com