Aung San SuuKyi

Aung San SuuKyi

|Burmese
date of birth : 19/09/1945 | date of death :
Born on 19-Jun-1945, Rangoon, Burma, politician and chairperson, In 1991, SuuKyi was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace and in 2007; the Government of Canada made her an honorary citizen of that country, the fourth person ever to receive the honour.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

Aung San SuuKyi was born on 19-Jun-1945 in Rangoon, Burma.

Father's name: U Aung San
Mother's name: Ma KhinKyi
Brother: Aung San Oo/ Aung San Lin
Sister: No sister
Spouse: Michael Aris
Children: Alexander/ Kim

Personal Information:

Religion: Buddhist
Race or Ethnicity: Asian
Sexual orientation: Straight

Life events:

Early Life

Aung San SuuKyi was born on June 19th, 1945, in Rangoon, the capital of Burma. SuuKyi was the youngest of three children - she had two brothers, Aung San Lin, who died at a young age in a swimming accident, and Aung San Oo, who migrated to the San Diego, California and became a citizen of the United States. After Aung San Lin's death, the family moved to a house by Inya Lake where SuuKyi met people of very different backgrounds, political views and religions. She was educated in Methodist English High School (now Basic Education High School No. 1 Dagon) for much of her childhood in Burma, where she was noted as having a talent for learning languages. Her mother, KhinKyi, was appointed ambassador to India in 1960. While studying at Oxford University, she met Michael Aris, a Tibet scholar who she married in 1972. They had two sons. She remained in England until 1985, when she continued her studies at Kyoto University in Japan for a year and completed her fellowship at the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies in Shimla, India in 1987.

Return to Burma and Political beginnings

In 1988, SuuKyi returned to Burma to care for her dying mother, and her life took a dramatic turn. The military regime responded to the uprising with brute force, killing up to 5,000 demonstrators on 8th August 1988. Following a military coup on 18th September 1988, on 24th September 1988 a new pro-democracy party, the National League for Democracy, was formed. Aung San SuuKyi was appointed General Secretary. Aung San SuuKyi gave numerous speeches calling for freedom and democracy, and political activities continued across the country. One of her most famous speeches was Freedom From Fear, which began: "It is not power that corrupts, but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it." She also believes fear spurs many world leaders to lose sight of their purpose. "Government leaders are amazing", she once said. "So often it seems they are the last to know what the people want."

1990 Elections

Facing increasing domestic and international pressure, the dictatorship was forced to call a general election, held in 1990. Although she was not allowed to run for election in the May 27, 1990, election, her party, the NLD, much to the astonishment and chagrin of the military, won 80 percent of the legislative seats. They were never permitted to take office. During this time she was also awarded a number of human rights awards – including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, which her sons Alexander and Kim accepted on her behalf.

Detained and released

SuuKyi was released from house arrest in July 1995, and the next year she attended the NLD party congress, under the continual harassment of the military. Three years later, she founded a representative committee and declared it as the country's legitimate ruling body, and in response, in September 2000, the junta once again placed her under house arrest. In 2002, Aung San SuuKyi was released from house arrest and with freedom to travel around the country. The release was part of a deal negotiated by UN Envoy on Burma, Razali Ismail. He had facilitated secret meetings between Aung San SuuKyi and the military. Confidence building steps had been agreed, including that the dictatorship would stop the vehement attacks on Aung San SuuKyi in the media, and the NLD would stop publicly calling for sanctions, although its policy of still supporting targeted economic sanctions remained. On May 30th 2003 members of the USDA attacked a convoy of vehicles Aung San SuuKyi was travelling in. It was an attempt by the dictatorship to assassinate Aung San SuuKyi, using a civilian front so as not to take the blame. Aung San SuuKyi’s driver managed to drive her to safety, but more than 70 of Aung San SuuKyi’s supporters were beaten to death.

Arrest and Election

In May of 2009, just before she was set to be released from house arrest, SuuKyi was arrested yet again, this time charged with an actual crime—allowing an intruder to spend two nights at her home, a violation of her terms of house arrest. The intruder, an American named John Yettaw, had swum to her house to warn her after having a vision of an attempt on her life. He was also subsequently imprisoned, returning to the United States in August 2009. On 12 November 2010, days after the junta-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) won elections conducted after a gap of 20 years, the junta finally agreed to sign orders allowing SuuKyi's release, and SuuKyi's house arrest term came to an end on 13 November 2010. She appeared in front of a crowd of her supporters, who rushed to her house in Rangoon when nearby barricades were removed by the security forces.

2012

On 1 April 2012, her party, the National League for Democracy, announced that she was elected to the PyithuHluttaw, the lower house of theBurmese parliament, representing the constituency of Kawhmu; her party also won 43 of the 45 vacant seats in the lower house. The election results were confirmed by the official electoral commission the following day.

Education:

High School: New Delhi, India
In 1964, SuuKyi went to England to further her education; and in 1967 she received a B.A. degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from St. Hugh’s College of Oxford Academy. Then in 1969, SuuKyi went to in New York City to continue with her studies, but postponed them in order to work as the Assistant Secretary at the U.N. Secretariat.

Occupations and Career:

Aung San SuuKyi is a Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma.Returning in 1988 to care for her dying mother, she joined the opposition to U Ne Win and became leader of the National League for Democracy (NLD). Inspired by the non-violent practices of Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., she became a national hero and an international celebrity. She was placed under house arrest in 1989, but the NLD still convincingly won popular elections in 1990. She has stayed in Myanmar, continuing to write and speak for her cause. She was again subjected to house arrest or detention from Sept., 2000 to May, 2002, and from May, 2003, to Nov., 2010. Myanmar's military government adopted constitutional (2008) and electoral (2010) restrictions designed to prevent her from running for office or heading a political party. The NLD declined to reregister (2010) under the new election law and was dissolved by the government before the Nov., 2010, voting, but improved relations under President Thein Sein led to the NLD's recognition by 2012, when Aung San SuuKyi announced she would be a candidate in the Apr., 2012, elections for parliament.

Awards /Honors:

In 1991, SuuKyi was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. She has also received the Rafto prize (1990), the International Simón Bolívar Prize (1992) and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award (1993), among otheraccolades.
In December 2007, the U.S. House of Representatives voted 400–0 to award SuuKyi the Congressional Gold Medal, and in May 2008, U.S. President George Bush signed the vote into law, making SuuKyi the first person in American history to receive the prize while imprisoned.
In 2007, the Government of Canada made her an honorary citizen of that country, the fourth person ever to receive the honour. In 2011, she was awarded the Wallenberg Medal. On 19 September 2012, Aung San SuuKyi was also presented with the Congressional Gold Medal, which is, along with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in the United States.

Books:

  • Freedom from Fear: And Other Writings
  • Let's Visit Bhutan
  • Aung San of Burma: A Biographical Portrait by His Daughter
  • Nepal (Let's Visit Series)
  • Voice of Hope: Conversations with Alan Clements
  • Freedom from Fear: And Other Writings
  • Let's Visit Burma (Burke Books)
  • Aung San (Leaders of Asia)
  • Burma and India: Some Aspects of Intellectual Life Under Colonialism

Filmography:

Burma VJ: Reporting from a Closed Country (12-Nov-2008) • Herself

Quotes and Memoirs:

It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.
Freedom and democracy are dreams you never give up.
Human beings the world over need freedom and security that they may be able to realize their full potential.
If I advocate cautious optimism it is not because I do not have faith in the future but because I do not want to encourage blind faith.
I don't think you can work on feelings in politics, apart from anything else, political change can come very unexpectedly, sometimes overnight when you least expect it.
What I have experienced is nothing compared to what political prisoners in prisons suffer.
The judiciary must be strengthened and released from political interference.
I think by now I have made it fairly clear that I am not very happy with the word hope. I don't believe in people just hoping.
I wish people wouldn't think of me as a saint - unless they agree with the definition of a saint that a saint's a sinner who goes on trying.
In general people feel more relaxed about participating in politics. They aren't frightened as they used to be.

References:
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.answers.com
http://www.biography.com
http://www.burmacampaign.org.uk
http://www.mtholyoke.edu
http://www.brainyquote.com
http://www.amazon.com