Audrey Hepburn

Audrey Hepburn

|British
date of birth : 04/05/1929 | date of death : 20/01/1993
Born on 4 May 1929, Belgium, Actress, Humanitarian , Recognised as a film and fashion icon, Hepburn was active during Hollywood's Golden Age. She was ranked by the American Film Institute as the third greatest female screen legend in the history of American cinema and has been placed in the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

Audrey Hepburn was born on May 4, 1929, in Brussels, Belgium.

Father’s name: Joseph Victor Anthony Ruston
Mother's name: Barones Ella van Heemstra
Half-brothers: Jonkheer Arnoud Robert Alexander Quarles van Ufford / Jonkheer Ian Edgar Bruce Quarles van Ufford
Sister: -
Spouse:Mel Ferrer (1954–1968) and Andrea Dotti (1969–1982)
Children: Sean Hepburn Ferrer and Luca Dotti

Reputation, fame, nickname:

"Edda van Heemstra"

Personal Information:

Religion: Christian Science
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight

Life events:

Early life

Audrey Hepburn was born in Brussels, Belgium, on May 4, 1929, the daughter of J. A. Hepburn-Ruston and Baroness Ella van Heemstra. Her father, a banker, deserted the family when she was only eight years old. Hepburn was attending school in England when the Germans invaded Poland at the start of World War II (1939–45; a war fought mostly in Europe, with Germany, Italy, and Japan on one side and the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union on the other). England had promised to help Poland, which they did by declaring war on Germany. Hepburn's mother took her to live with relatives in Holland, thinking they would be safer there. The Germans soon invaded Holland, though, leading to the deaths of many of Hepburn's relatives and forcing her and her mother to struggle just to stay alive. Sometimes she had nothing to eat except flour. Still, as a young ballet dancer, she performed in shows to help raise money for the Dutch war effort.

Start of his career as actress

Hepburn and her mother moved to England after the war, and she continued to pursue her dance career. She was cast in bit parts on stage and in films in both Holland and England before being discovered in 1952 by the French novelist Colette (1873–1954) in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Colette insisted that Hepburn play the lead role in the Broadway production of her novel Gigi. Although Hepburn's lack of experience was a problem at first, she improved steadily, and reviews of the show praised her performance. She also won a Theatre World Award for her work. Hepburn's nationwide exposure in Gigi also brought her to Hollywood's attention. She was given a starring role in Paramount Studios' Roman Holiday. Costarring Gregory Peck (1916–), the 1953 film tells the tale of a runaway princess who is shown around Rome, Italy, by a reporter who falls in love with her. He then convinces her to resume her royal duties. The role landed Hepburn an Academy Award for best actress at the age of twenty-four. Hepburn was now highly sought after. Director Billy Wilder (1906–2002) signed her up in 1954 for his new film, Sabrina. The movie was about a chauffeur's (someone who is paid to drive a wealthy person's car) daughter whose education in France makes her the toast of Long Island, New York, society. Hepburn costarred with William Holden (1918–1981) and Humphrey Bogart (1899–1957), who was her love interests in the film. Hepburn went on to share the screen with all of the top leading men of her time: Cary Grant (1904–1986), Fred Astaire (1899–1987), Rex Harrison (1908–1990), Mel Ferrer (1917–) (whom she married in 1954 and divorced in 1968), and Sean Connery (1930–). In 1959 she made her first serious film, The Nun's Story. Hepburn and Albert Finney (1936–) were applauded for their strong acting. Of Hepburn's twenty-seven films, quite a few have become classics. She was nominated (her name was put forward for consideration) for three other Academy After 1967's spooky Wait Until Dark, in which she plays a blind woman being pursued by a killer, Hepburn stopped working for a while. Acting became secondary in her life, as she bore a child at age forty during her thirteen-year marriage to Italian physician Andrea Dotti. Hepburn chose to spend her time with her two sons and work for the international children's relief organization UNICEF. "If there was a cross between the salt of the earth and a regal queen," actress Shirley MacLaine (1934–) told People magazine, "then she was it." Hepburn made only four more movies between 1976 and 1989. The last, Always, featured her in a brief role as an angel. Money was not an issue; besides her own income, Hepburn lived in Switzerland with Robert Wolders, the wealthy widower of actress Merle Oberon (1911–1979), for the last twelve years of her life. Hepburn continued her work for UNICEF and was named the organization's goodwill ambassador (representative) in 1988. Hepburn worked in the field, nursing sick children and reporting on the suffering she witnessed. Hepburn traveled to Somalia in 1992, and her sad but hopeful account focused worldwide attention on the famine and warfare that would eventually kill thousands in that West African country. Shortly before her death in January 1993, Audrey Hepburn was given the Screen Actors Guild award for lifetime achievement. Unable to accept in person, she asked actress Julia Roberts (1967–) to accept the honor in her place. While Hepburn's acting was highly appreciated in her lifetime, she would probably rather be remembered as UNICEF's hardworking fairy godmother. She died of Appendiceal cancer in Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland on 20 January 1993 and was buried in Tolochenaz Cemetery, Tolochenaz, Switzerland

Education:

From 1935 to 1938, Hepburn was educated at Miss Rigden's School, an independent girls' school in the village of Elham, Kent, south east England. After the war, she continued to study ballet in Amsterdam and in London. During her early 20s, she studied acting and worked as a model and dancer.

Occupation and Career:

Audrey Hepburn was an Actress (1948–1989) and Humanitarian (1988–1992).
Audrey Hepburn modeled, danced, and played bit parts before being cast in the title role in the Broadway production of Gigi (1951). Thereafter, except for one other stage role (Ondine, 1954, Tony Award), she worked exclusively in films. Hepburn's luminous beauty, elfin slimness, unplaceably patrician accent, and blend of wistful simplicity and worldly chic are particularly evident in such roles as the young princess in Roman Holiday (1953; Academy Award), her first star turn; the chauffeur's daughter in Sabrina (1954); clerk turned model in Funny Face (1957), and the fabulous Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961). She was a major star of the 1950s and 60s, playing opposite many of the era's leading men. Her other films include War and Peace (1956), The Nun's Story (1959), Charade (1963), My Fair Lady (1964), and Wait until Dark (1967). She retired in the late 1960s and devoted much of her life to humanitarian causes, becoming (1988) goodwill ambassador for UNICEF. Occasionally she returned to the screen, gracing such unremarkable films as Robin and Marian (1976) and Always (1989).

Awards /Honors:

She was five-times nominated for an Academy Award and was awarded the 1954 Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Roman Holiday and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1993, posthumously, for her humanitarian work. Hepburn won three Golden Globe Awards including the Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1990 and was nominated for a further seven. She also won the 1954 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play in Ondine and received a the Special Tony Award in 1968. Posthumously, Hepburn also received a number of awards and honours including an Emmy Award for her television series Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn while her contributions to a spoken-word recording titled Audrey Hepburn's Enchanted Tales earned her a Grammy Award. Hepburn stands as one of few entertainers who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy and Tony Awards. She has been honoured on United States postage stamps and has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The American Film Institute has repeatedly recognised her talent, placing Hepburn third on its list of the top 100 female stars of all time and placing several of films she starred in its 100 best... lists. Hepburn was nominated five times for the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) winning three. In addition she was the recipient of a Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992. Hepburn won a Theatre World Award for her debut on Broadway.

Filmography:

  • Always (22-Dec-1989) • Hap
  • Love Among Thieves (23-Feb-1987)
  • They All Laughed (14-Aug-1981)
  • Bloodline (29-Jun-1979)
  • Robin and Marian (11-Mar-1976)
  • Wait Until Dark (26-Oct-1967) • Susy Hendrix
  • Two for the Road (27-Apr-1967)
  • How to Steal a Million (13-Jul-1966) • Nicole
  • My Fair Lady (21-Oct-1964) • Eliza
  • Paris When It Sizzles (16-Mar-1964)
  • Charade (5-Dec-1963) • Reggie Lampert
  • The Children's Hour (19-Dec-1961) • Karen Wright
  • Breakfast at Tiffany's (5-Oct-1961) • Holly Golightly
  • The Unforgiven (6-Apr-1960)
  • The Nun's Story (18-Jun-1959) • Sister Luke
  • Green Mansions (19-Mar-1959) • Rima
  • Love in the Afternoon (30-Jun-1957) • Ariane Chavasse
  • Funny Face (13-Feb-1957)
  • War and Peace (21-Aug-1956) • Natasha
  • Sabrina (22-Sep-1954) • Sabrina Fairchild
  • Roman Holiday (27-Aug-1953) • Princess Anne
  • Secret People (5-Feb-1952)
  • Young Wives' Tale (Nov-1951)
  • The Lavender Hill Mob (26-Jun-1951) • Chiquita
  • Laughter in Paradise (Mar-1951)
  • We Go to Monte Carlo (1951)

Hobbies and personal interests:

Dancing, painting

Death, place of death, Time of death, place of burial:

Audrey Hepburn died of Appendiceal cancer in Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland on 20 January 1993.She was buried in Tolochenaz Cemetery, Tolochenaz, Switzerland

Quotes and Memoirs:

  • I believe in pink. I believe that laughing is the best calorie burner. I believe in kissing, kissing a lot. I believe in being strong when everything seems to be going wrong. I believe that happy girls are the prettiest girls. I believe that tomorrow is another day and I believe in miracles.
  • For beautiful eyes, look for the good in others; for beautiful lips, speak only words of kindness; and for poise, walk with the knowledge that you are never alone.
  • Nothing is impossible, the word itself says 'I'm possible'!
  • I love people who make me laugh. I honestly think it's the thing I like most, to laugh. It cures a multitude of ills. It's probably the most important thing in a person.
  • The beauty of a woman must be seen from in her eyes, because that is the doorway to her heart, the place where love resides.
  • I decided, very early on, just to accept life unconditionally; I never expected it to do anything special for me, yet I seemed to accomplish far more than I had ever hoped. Most of the time it just happened to me without my ever seeking it.
  • The beauty of a woman is not in the clothes she wears, the figure that she carries or the way she combs her hair.
  • I never think of myself as an icon. What is in other people's minds is not in my mind. I just do my thing
  • If I'm honest I have to tell you I still read fairy-tales and I like them best of all.
  • I heard a definition once: Happiness is health and a short memory! I wish I'd invented it, because it is very true.

Reference:
http://www.nndb.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.britannica.com
http://www.notablebiographies.com
http://www.biography.com