Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler

|Austrian - German
date of birth : 20/04/1889 | date of death : 30/04/1945
Adolf Hitler was born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. He was Austrian citizen until 7 April 1925 and German citizen after 25 February 1932.

Birth, Birthplace, Time of birth:

Adolf Hitler was born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. He was Austrian citizen until 7 April 1925 and German citizen after 25 February 1932.

Father's name: Alois Hitler
Mother's name: Klara Pölzl
Brother: Gustav, Otto, Edmund and Alois (half-brother)
Sister: Ida, Paula and Angela (half-sister)
Spouse: Eva Braun ( m. 29-Apr-1945, d. 30-Apr-1945 suicide)
Children: none

Reputation, fame, nickname:

"der Führer" (The Leader)

Personal Information:

Religion: Roman Catholic

Life events:

Childhood and education

Adolf Hitler has become infamous as a personification of human evil. His name is inexorably linked to the Holocaust and extermination of Jews and other 'undesirables'. He is also seen as the principle cause of the Second World War in which over 70 million people died. Yet, in the midst of the Great Depression, he captivated a nation with his mixture of charm, xenophobia, and almost supernatural allure. Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn on the Austrian-German border. His father was a customs official. He was the fourth of six children to Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl (1860–1907). Adolf's older siblings – Gustav, Ida, and Otto – died in infancy. When Hitler was three, the family moved to Passau, Germany. There he acquired the distinctive lower Bavarian dialect, rather than Austrian German, which marked his speech all of his life. In 1894 the family relocated to Leonding (near Linz), and in June 1895, Alois retired to a small landholding at Hafeld, near Lambach, where he farmed and kept bees. Adolf attended school in nearby Fischlham. Hitler became fixated on warfare after finding a picture book about the Franco-Prussian War among his father's belongings. The move to Hafeld coincided with the onset of intense father-son conflicts caused by Adolf's refusal to conform to the strict discipline of his school. Alois Hitler's farming efforts at Hafeld ended in failure, and in 1897 the family moved to Lambach. The eight-year-old Hitler took singing lessons, sang in the church choir, and even considered becoming a priest. In 1898 the family returned permanently to Leonding. The death of his younger brother, Edmund, from measles on 2 February 1900 deeply affected Hitler. He changed from being confident and outgoing and an excellent student, to a morose, detached, and sullen boy who constantly fought with his father and teachers. Hitler left school at 16 with no qualifications and struggled to make a living as a painter in Vienna.

Early adulthood in Vienna and Munich and World War I

This was where many of his extreme political and racial ideas originated. In 1913, he moved to Munich and, on the outbreak of World War One, enlisted in the German army, where he was wounded and decorated. In 1919, he joined the fascist German Workers' Party (DAP). He played to the resentments of right-wingers, promising extremist 'remedies' to Germany's post-war problems which he and many others blamed on Jews and Bolsheviks. By 1921 he was the unquestioned leader of what was now the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party). In 1923, Hitler attempted an unsuccessful armed uprising in Munich and was imprisoned for nine months, during which time he dictated his book 'Mein Kampf' outlining his political ideology. On his release he began to rebuild the Nazi Party and used new techniques of mass communication, backed up with violence, to get his message across. Against a background of economic depression and political turmoil, the Nazis grew stronger and in the 1932 elections became the largest party in the German parliament. In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor of a coalition government. He quickly took dictatorial powers and began to institute anti-Jewish laws. He also began the process of German militarization and territorial expansion that would eventually lead to World War Two. He allied with Italy and later Japan to create the Axis. Hitler's invasion of Poland in September 1939 began World War Two. After military successes in Denmark, Norway and Western Europe, but after failing to subdue Britain in 1941, Hitler ordered the invasion of the Soviet Union. The Jewish populations of the countries conquered by the Nazis were rounded up and killed. Millions of others whom the Nazis considered racially inferior were also killed or worked to death. In December 1941, Hitler declared war on the United States. The war on the eastern front drained Germany's resources and in June 1944, the British and Americans landed in France. On April 29, 1945, Adolf Hitler married his long-time mistress, Eva Braun, and wrote both his last will and political testament. The following day, With Soviet troops poised to take the German capital Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. Hitler committed suicide in his bunker in Berlin on 30 April 1945.

Education:

Hitler left school at 16 with no qualifications.

Occupation and Career:

Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party .
In 1907, Hitler went to Vienna Austria in an attempt to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist. This attempt ended when he failed the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts. When Hitler's mother died in 1907, he decided to remain in Vienna. After leaving school prematurely he tried to become an artist, but was rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna twice. At the beginning of World War I he volunteered for service in the Bavarian army. There he proved to be a brave soldier, but was never promoted beyond the rank of a "Gefreiter", because his superior officers didn't believe he would have any qualities in leadership. Short before the end of the war in 1918, he was injured by an English gas attack. Thereby he lost his eyes sight temporally and spent several months in hospital. At the end of war he returned to Munich. He joined the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) in 1919 and from April of the following year he worked for them on a full time basis. In 1921 he was elected as party chairman, "Führer". He soon became a key figure in Bavarian politics and he spread his ideas about racial hate and objections to democracy. In November 1923 he led a coup de etat in Munich (Marsch zur Feldherrnhalle) against the postwar Weimar Republic, proclaiming himself chancellor of a new authoritarian regime. However this putsch failed. He was captured and sentenced to five years imprisonment in Landsberg. During this time he dictated his autobiography "Mein Kampf". Due to a general political amnesty he already was released nine months later and he immediately began rebuilding the Nazi party. In 1930 the Nazi party was represented with 107 seats in the German parliament (Reichstag). Three years later on 30th January 1933 he became German chancellor. Within a year and a half, Hitler was able to take over both the position of president (Hindenburg died) and chancellor and combine them into one position of supreme leader, the Führer. After legally gaining power in Germany, Hitler quickly began solidifying his position by putting those that disagreed with him into concentration camps. He created massive amounts of propaganda that strengthened German pride by blaming all their problems on Communists and Jews. The concept of pan-Germanism inspired Hitler to combine German peoples in various countries in Europe as well as look east for lebensraum. World War II began in 1939 when Hitler invaded Poland to begin his unification of all German-speaking peoples. By this time extermination camps were being established throughout Germany, Poland, and Russia. Before Hitler was stopped in 1945 by the Allied countries, he had caused the extermination over 12 million people. Hitler committed suicide in his bunker on April 30, 1945 and seven days later, Germany surrendered.

Awards /Honors:

Iron Cross First Class
Iron Cross Second Class
Wound Badge

Works:

Books

  • Eine Abrechnung (1925, memoir, aka Mein Kampf Vol. I)
  • Die Nationalsozialistische Bewegung (1926, memoir, aka Mein Kampf Vol. II)

FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR

  • Nuremberg (16-Jul-2000) • Himself
  • Triumph of the Will (1934) • Himself

Death, place of death, Time of death, place of burial:

On April 30, 1945, Adolf Hitler committed suicide in Fuehrerbunker, Berlin. His body Cremated, some remains reside in a state museum, Moscow, Russia.

Quotes and Memoirs:

  • "Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live."
  • "In actual fact the pacifistic-humane idea is perfectly all right perhaps when the highest type of man has previously conquered and subjected the world to an extent that makes him the sole ruler of this earth… Therefore, first struggle and then perhaps pacifism."
  • "The [Nazi party] should not become a constable of public opinion, but must dominate it. It must not become a servant of the masses, but their master!"
  • "For there is one thing we must never forget… the majority can never replace the man. And no more than a hundred empty heads make one wise man will an heroic decision arise from a hundred cowards."
  • "There must be no majority decisions, but only responsible persons, and the word 'council' must be restored to its original meaning. Surely every man will have advisers by his side, but the decision will be made by one man."
  • "Never forget that the most sacred right on this earth is mans right to have the earth to till with his own hands, the most sacred sacrifice the blood that a man sheds for this earth...."
  • "The doom of a nation can be averted only by a storm of flowing passion, but only those who are passionate themselves can arouse passion in others."
  • "It must be thoroughly understood that the lost land will never be won back by solemn appeals to the God, nor by hopes in any League of Nations, but only by the force of arms."

References:
http://summaiyah.tripod.com
http://www.bbc.co.uk
http://www.studymode.com
http://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.nndb.com