Momand was born on January 1, 1959, in sardah, Ghazni, Afghanistan.
Father‘s name: Mohammad Sarwar
Mother‘s name: -
Abdul Ahad Momand is the first Afghan and 4th Muslim in space. He was also the first Muslim who took the Holy Qur'an to the space. He spent nine days aboard the Mir space station in 1988 as an Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut. Abdul Ahad Momand was born in Sardah, Afghanistan in 1959; He belongs to the Mohmand tribe of the Pashtun ethnic group. Momand finished school in Afghanistan and later attended the Gagarin Military Air Academy in Monino, U.S.S.R. (Russia), in 1987. After graduation, Mohmand served in the Afghan air force, eventually reaching the rank of colonel. After completing his cosmonaut training, Mohmand launched into space as a research cosmonaut on Aug. 29, 1988, with two Soviet cosmonauts, commander Vladimir Lyakhov and research doctor Valery Polyakov During his flight to space, his mother was extremely distraught over the safety of her son. Afghan President Mohammad Najibullah called Momand's mother into the President's office and arranged an audio/video conference between Momand and her. By this event, Pashto was considered the fourth spoken language in space. The September 6 planned landing of Soyuz TM-5 was delayed because of mechanical complications on the Mir. Radio Moscow reassured listeners that Lyakhov and Momand were fine and in touch with Mission Control. A recording was played of them laughing. A day later, the retro-fire was successful, and at 00:50 GMT Soyuz TM-5 landed near Dzhezkazgan. During touchdown there was no live radio coverage, only live television pictures of Mission Control. He was returning safely to Earth on September 7. Mohmand spent 9 days in space aboard the Mir space station. During his nine days stay on the Mir space station, Momand took photographs of his country, participated in astrophysical, medical and biological experiments. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Because it occurred at the height of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, Mohmand’s flight to Mir and his status as the first Afghan citizen in space (aboard a Soviet spacecraft) carried significant symbolic importance. Following the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan, Momand fled to Germany in 1992 and applied for asylum, becoming a German citizen in 2003. He lives in Ostfildern near Stuttgart.
Graduated from Polytechnical High school in Kabul; graduated from Air Force Academy (1987).
Momand was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on September 7, 1988.