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صفحه آرامگاه | François-René de Chateaubriand

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زندگینامه François-René de Chateaubriand

Born: 4-Sep-1768 Birthplace: St. Malo, France Died: 4-Jul-1848 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Grand Bé Island, St. Malo, France Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Author, Diplomat Nationality: France Executive summary: Génie du christianisme François-René, vicomte de Chateaubriand, French author, youngest son of René Auguste de Chateaubriand, comte de Combourg, was born at St. Malo on the 4th of September 1768. He was a brilliant representative of the reaction against the ideas of the French Revolution, and the most conspicuous figure in French literature during the First Empire. His naturally poetical temperament was fostered in childhood by picturesque influences, the mysterious reserve of his morose father, the ardent piety of his mother, the traditions of his ancient family, the legends and antiquated customs of the sequestered Breton district, above all, the vagueness and solemnity of the neighboring ocean. His closest friend was his sister Lucile, a passionate-hearted girl, divided between her devotion to him and to religion. François received his education at Dol and Rennes, where Jean Victor Moreau was among his fellow-students. From Rennes he proceeded to the College of Dinan, and passed some years in desultory study in preparation for the priesthood. He finally decided, after a year's holiday at the family château of Combourg, that he had no vocation for the Church, and was on the point of proceeding to try his fortune in India when he received (1786) a commission in the army. After a short visit to Paris he joined his regiment at Cambrai, and early in the following year was presented at court. In 1788 he received the tonsure in order to enter the order of the Knights of Malta. In Paris (1787-89) he made acquaintance with the Parisian men of letters. He met la Harpe, Évariste Parny, "Pindare" Lebrun, Nicolas Chamfort, Pierre Louis Ginguené, and others, of whom he has left portraits in his memoirs.

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